Hypersensitized skin is on the rise and one of the most common and yet mistreated conditions we see is Rosacea.
Rosacea affects mostly fair and reddish-skinned women of Celtic background, who flush easily, and are between the ages of 40 and 70. Hormonal changes (puberty, pregnancy, menopause) can exacerbate the condition.
Stages of Rosacea
- Transient redness (flushing) and inflammation, typically on the nose, cheeks and chin. The redness is caused by an increased blood flow from capillaries located close to the skin surface. This type of skin is well oxygenated and doesn’t wrinkle.
- The increased blood flow provokes permanent dilation of surface capillaries, which become visible as thin red lines (spider veins), forming clusters around the corners of the nose and webs on the cheeks.
- The proliferation of a species of mite called Demodex Folliculorum (a type of parasite found in sebaceous glands and hair follicles) triggers a skin imbalance and the outbreak of inflammatory papules (raised solid red lesions) and pustules (papules with pus). This condition is called acne rosacea and occurs in people over 30.
- Without treatment, the inflammation worsens and hypertrophy of connective tissue creates skin protuberances (tissue hyperplasia), which can be disfiguring. This condition, (primarily affecting men) is called rhinophyma. Carbon dioxide laser and surgery can be used by a qualified dermatologist or surgeon to treat this problem.
Rosacea can be controlled by avoiding the external triggers that cause flushing:
- Sun exposure
- Alcohol (topical and oral)
- Spicy foods
- Sudden extremes of temperature (hot showers, hot towels & steam baths)
- Excessive physical exercise
- Professional treatments such as microdermabrasion and peels
- Mental stress
- Acidic foods (dairy, sweets, yeast-based, gluten, fried & processed)
- Digestive problems
Ingredients to Avoid:
- Any circulatory stimulants (including anti-wrinkle products)
- High concentration glycolic acid (AHA) with low pH
- Certain enzymes
- Topical Vitamins A & C
Extreme care and patience are needed to ensure that capillaries are protected. At-home skincare, such as Pevonia RS2, must be selected to keep the condition under control.
When Rosacea is caused by external triggers, redness, blemishes and visible capillary damage can be reduced with treatments such as: Omnilux, oxygen facials, IPL, laser, sclerotherapy or electrocoagulation. NOTE: Extraction of blackheads and whiteheads must be avoided.
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