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Skin Lesions

Skin Lesions

Skin lesions are areas of skin that have an abnormal growth or different appearance compared to the skin surrounding it. They can be present at birth or be acquired over a person’s lifetime. Dermatologically, a skin lesion can be described as any abnormal lump, bump, ulcer, sore, scale or discoloured skin. Most skin lesions are harmless, but some can be warnings of skin cancer, which need to be checked if they are concerning you or have appeared suddenly. Most skin issues can be treated quickly, safely and without scarring.

PLEASE NOTE: we have not included photos because they can be misleading and frequently lead to an incorrect self-diagnosis. In every instance, lesions (whatever their appearance) need to be investigated during a detailed consultation to ascertain what they are and the correct treatment to remove them.

Acne

Appears as whiteheads, blackheads, pustular pimples and red lesions without a head. This condition can cause severe anguish in sufferers and leave scars and pigmentation on the skin. At LAB SKIN CLINIC, treatments are quick and simple and improvements become manifest within a week.

Actinic Keratosis

Appear anywhere on the body (but especially on sun-exposed skin) as pink, scaly spots. They are the results of sun-damage and are considered pre-cancerous and must be treated. The treatment does include some downtime but is largely successful after one session however this does not preclude more manifesting elsewhere on the skin at a future date.

Cold Sore

Caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), this viral infection is contagious (even when you can’t see the sores). There is no known cure and LAB Skin Clinic will not perform treatments during an active outbreak.  Cold sores can be effectively managed using prescription pills or creams.

Contact Dermatitis

Triggered by chemical products, sun-exposure or allergic reactions that irritate your skin. Dermatitis can appear as red, dry, scaly, flaky, cracked and/or itchy skin. There are various causes, which, when identified and removed, will clear the condition. Treatments usually involve curative skincare creams.

Eczema

Also called atopic dermatitis, this condition appears as scaly, dry, itchy and sometimes red (inflamed) skin often appearing on the face and around the eyes. Sufferers are usually deficient in Vitamin C and Omegas. Simply dietary changes and skincare creams will help.

Fibroma

Usually a small ball of fibrous or connective tissue that can appear anywhere on the body. They are benign and do not require treatment or removal, except on the face where they can be disfiguring. Cosmetic removal requires  a few days’ downtime but can reveal a flawless complexion that clients are happy with.

Keloid Scar

Forms after injury to the skin (usually surgery). Fibrous tissue accumulates over the wound and, although they are not harmful, they can cause cosmetic concerns when they are on an exposed part of the face or body. Keloid scarring is often a genetic predisposition.

Keratosis Pilaris

Often described as ‘chicken skin’ appears as rough, dry patches of tiny bumps on the skin. This is a harmless condition is caused by a build-up of keratin, which blocks the opening of hair follicles. Treatment includes appropriate skincare and simple in-clinic healing treatments.

Lentigo

Appears as a pigmented, flat, or slightly raised, lesion with a jagged or smooth edge. Unlike freckles, they do not fade but frequently increase over time with age and sun exposure. Lentigines (plural) are acquired as the result of a number of different causes. Many do not require treatment and can be safely left alone, although regular checks are required regarding the possibility of melanoma.

Macule

Describes any small, flat, discoloured (hypopigmented or hyperpigmented) skin blemish, which can be indicative of an underlying medical condition – some serious and some mean absolutely nothing. They need professional identification.

Milia

(milium = singular). Are small, white, hard and keratin-filled cysts that are often clustered around the eyes and cheeks. They are completely harmless but are frequently caused by injury to the skin associated with sun damage and incorrect product ingredients. This needs to be carefully diagnosed. At LAB SKIN CLINIC, treatments are quick and simple but the focus is on education to ensure they don’t recur.

Moles

Most are non-cancerous skin lesions that are skin-toned, black or brown in colour and do not change over time. Before cosmetic removal, a doctor or dermatologist should evaluate whether it is safe to perform a removal procedure. Procedures are quick, safe and simple and will not leave any hypo or hyper-pigmented lesions.

Nodule

Quite literally is a node of abnormal tissue under the skin. These need to be checked.

Papule

A common term to describe any lesion that appears as a bump on or under the skin, which can range from shingles to warts.

Psoriasis

Is a genetic and chronic auto-immune condition that produces a rapid build-up of skin cells, which  cause inflamed whitish-silver scaly patches on the skin that can crack and bleed. Scales normally appear anywhere on the body but can appear on the face as well. Periods of stress and anxiety can make it worse. Treatment requires professional diagnosis and customised integrated intrinsic and extrinsic solutions.

Pustule

Small pus-filled bumps on the skin, which have a ring of inflamed skin around them. Most frequently associated with the teenage years, possibly extending to early adulthood, a proliferation is associated with acne. Treatment is simple and usually requires dietary change and appropriate skincare.

Sebaceous Cyst

Frequently associated with acne and take weeks to form. They can contain liquid or semi-liquid material and are often large and painful because they form in a sebaceous gland or its duct  – they require attention. Cyst can appear on the face, neck, back and sometimes scalp.

Sebaceous Hyperplasia

A common, benign condition of sebaceous glands in adults of middle age or older. Lesions can be single or multiple and appear as yellowish, soft, small papules on the face (particularly nose, cheeks, and forehead). Lesions are benign, with no known potential for malignancy.

Skin tag

Is a small flap of tissue that hangs off the skin by a stalk. They are not sinister and can be left alone unless they catch on clothing or irritate. Removal is a quick zap and they are gone!

Sringomas

Are benign growths caused by overactive sweat glands. They usually cluster around the eyes as tiny bumps. Women aged between 25 and 40, especially Caucasian women and those of Japanese heritage, are at the greatest risk of developing the condition. If they are extensive or of cosmetic concern, they can be treated. There is downtime.

Wart

Small non-cancerous growths appear when skin is infected one of the highly contagious  papillomavirus (HPV) family. The result is excessive cell growth concentrating thick and hard skin in one spot. Left alone, they can disappear. If they are bothersome they can be quickly and safely treated in-clinic with Plasmage (plasma pen technology).

Xanthelasma

Appearing on the eyelids or corners of your eyes, it is a creamy-yellow cholesterol-rich deposit that is not in itself harmful. However, its appearance could indicate a propensity to heart condition or high levels of cholesterol in the blood. A xanthelasma will not go away but can become larger over time. It can be safely removed and shouldn’t reappear.

If you are concerned with any lumps or bumps on your skin, call us for a consultation on 02 9170 4693 or click on the link below to book your consultation online:

Skin Lesions at LAB Skin Clinic, Neutral Bay. Call 02 9170 4693